Do Koi Carp Sleep? 0 3064

One of the most common questions we get asked is ?do koi carp sleep??.?You may assume that koi do sleep at some point; but is that correct? And, if so, how do koi sleep? How often do they sleep? And how can you tell they are sleeping? Read on to learn more…

What do we mean by sleep?

When we think of sleep, we generally mean a period of inactivity where we close our eyes, relax our bodies and lose consciousness as our brains and bodies refresh themselves.

Dreaming and the different stages of sleep are an important part of this, and the sleep of mammals goes through distinct cycles before we wake up in the morning.

The differences between fish and mammals

Koi carp are not mammals, and so, sleep for them is not the same thing! Fish such as koi carp do not have the same higher-level brain functions that mammals do, and so they do not and cannot follow a similar type of sleep process to us, and as far as we know, they do not dream.

Do koi carp sleep?Another way in which koi sleep differs from human sleep is that koi do not close their eyes. This is because they can’t, as koi don’t have eyelids!

Ultimately, there is some debate among fish experts over whether or not the resting and rejuvenation process of fish like koi carp can genuinely be viewed as “sleep” or simply as deep rest. But one thing we can be sure of is that koi do go through cycles of very limited activity on a daily basis, where it is fair to say that they are at least deeply resting, if not actually “asleep”.

Brain function and resting

You can often tell when your koi are undergoing a rest cycle by watching their activity levels. When at rest, koi will float still in one spot of the pond for a long period of time, usually in the middle or near the bottom of the pond in order to avoid exposing themselves to predators.

Cold weather also has an effect on koi, and they may, in extremes of cold, go through a process of semi-hibernation, where their metabolic rate slows right down, they do not feed, and they will retreat to the bottom of the pond to wait out the cold snap. When the weather warms back up again, they will come ?back to life? and resume feeding as normal.

Learn more about koi carp?

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5 reasons a tortoise is the perfect pet 0 1288

Tortoises are adorable animals and they are great pets to keep in your home. Here we explore the top five reasons why you should consider getting a tortoise as a pet.

1. Low maintenance

With some space to enjoy and some lettuce to chomp on, a tortoise will be pretty happy. This low maintenance pet won’t need walking twice a day and will keep themselves entertained.

2. Tortoises are very affordable

Tortoises are very affordable to keep in your home. Once they are set up with a comfortable space to enjoy, there will be very little cost to upkeep them. Their food is cheap and their space remains clean for long periods without needing to be changed.

3. Tortoises live long lives

Tortoises will also be around for a long time. They can live from 14 to 30 years or more depending on the species, which means you will have a friend for years to come. Unlike most other pets, you will be able to enjoy your tortoise for vast periods of your life.

4. They’re harmless

Tortoises are far more harmless than cats and dogs. While they may bite your finger if you put it in their mouth, little damage will be done. A tortoise is a very safe pet to have in the home and is great when you have children too.

5. Tortoises are loyal

Tortoises are unlike most pets in that they are happy in the space you give them. With room to wander around, food to eat and occasional trips into the garden to play and eat grass, the tortoise will be happy. Tortoises will not try to run away from you like dogs, hamsters or guinea pigs.

Tortoises are adorable creatures to keep as pets and they are a very practical and affordable animal to have in your home. Unlike many pets, it is easy to keep a tortoise and to keep them happy for a long time. With a tortoise, you will have a friend for years and years to come.

Keeping exotic fish as pets 0 1799

Exotic fish

There’s something mesmerising about watching a tank full of brightly coloured fish swim around. Do they make good pets though? Is it hard to keep exotic fish? With the right pet care and pet advice, exotic fish make great, if unusual pets.

Tank size

Go for the biggest sized tank you can afford and have room for. The bigger your tank, the easier you’ll find keeping the balance of the water right. Your fish need plenty of room to swim too. Aim for at least a 20-gallon tank.

Tank set-up

You’re going to need a heater to warm the water. You’ll also need a filter to ensure clean, healthy water, which is crucial for fish to thrive. It’s advisable to add an air pump to boost the oxygen levels.

You’ll also need a light for the tank, and a timer for the light, so it’s not on all the time. Bear in mind a fish tank should be placed out of direct sunlight, away from draughts and heating sources.

On top of the things that make your tank work you’re going to need everything that goes into your tank; gravel for the bottom, plants, and decorative caves and tunnels so your fish can hide if they want to.

You can usually buy aquarium starter kits at pet food stores if you want help in pulling everything together.

Getting the water right

The filter will cycle your water to make it suitable for fish to live in, never add tap water directly to the tank. You need to de-chlorinate it first. You can also add a water treatment to help keep the water healthy between changes.

You should change about 10-15% of the water each week to keep it clean and healthy for the fish. Never do a full tank change once your fish are in the tank.

Choosing your fish

When you choose your fish, make sure you start introducing them slowly – this will help you identify if you’ve got the water balance right, and at this point, your tanks eco-system is still developing, so adding lots of fish can damage it.

There’s a wide range of tropical fish to choose from – Cichlids, Betta and Swordtails are good starter fish, and are nice to look at. Never mix goldfish and tropical fish together.