Koi Food: Feeding Koi Carp 0 1241

Koi carp are beautiful, distinctive and long lived fish, with unique feeding requirements that set them apart from other ornamental fish such as goldfish. Feeding appropriate koi food is essential in order to keep your koi in good health and ensure that they live long, happy lives.

If you are not sure where to start, what to feed to your koi, or how often and how to feed them, this article will explain the basics to you. Read on to learn more about koi carp and their feeding requirements…

What do koi carp eat naturally?

Koi carp are omnivorous fish, meaning that in the wild, they eat a wide range of different foods including both plant and animal matter. They are bottom feeders, and will look for food on the floor of lakes, streams and rivers using the twin barbels on their faces to locate food.

They will eat both live and decaying plant matter, and also, both live and dead animal life, including smaller fish, water bugs and other water-dwelling organisms.

Koi food in captivity

Within the domestic environment, it is very hard to provide enough naturally present foraging stock to keep koi well fed and healthy, so you will need to supplementally feed them with an appropriate koi food.

Koi Food: Feeding koi carpWhile koi will eat almost anything that you offer to them, including discarded human food and pet food, feeding them junk will not fulfil their nutritional requirements, so it is important to invest in a good quality complete koi food to allow them to thrive.

Pre-prepared koi food is readily available in pet stores or to buy online, and usually comes in pellet form. These pellets provide a complete diet for koi, and will initially float on the surface of your pond so that you can observe your koi feeding, before sinking to the bottom of the pond where they can be picked up by scavenging fish.

Koi food pellets are unique to the needs of koi carp, and you must take pains to ensure that you only choose a food designed for koi, and not a general-purpose pellet food for other types of fish.

One of the most appealing traits of our domestic koi are their beautiful bright colors and designs, and only proper koi pellets will provide all of the essential vitamins and minerals necessary to really bring out the color of your fish and keep them in great condition.

You can also supplement their regular food with nutritious treats, such as worms and other frozen foods.

How often to feed your koi

How much your koi need to eat will depend on a variety of factors, including how many fish you keep, and their size.

However, one of the main factors that dictate how often you should feed your fish is the time of year; koi are naturally more active and enter a growth phase during warmer weather. When the water temperature is cold, they will conserve energy, move around less and require less food.

During the summer, your koi will probably require feeding twice a day to fulfil their needs. In the winter months, you should reduce feeding to just once a day- or even every other day if the weather is particularly cold.

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5 reasons a tortoise is the perfect pet 0 1380

Tortoises are adorable animals and they are great pets to keep in your home. Here we explore the top five reasons why you should consider getting a tortoise as a pet.

1. Low maintenance

With some space to enjoy and some lettuce to chomp on, a tortoise will be pretty happy. This low maintenance pet won’t need walking twice a day and will keep themselves entertained.

2. Tortoises are very affordable

Tortoises are very affordable to keep in your home. Once they are set up with a comfortable space to enjoy, there will be very little cost to upkeep them. Their food is cheap and their space remains clean for long periods without needing to be changed.

3. Tortoises live long lives

Tortoises will also be around for a long time. They can live from 14 to 30 years or more depending on the species, which means you will have a friend for years to come. Unlike most other pets, you will be able to enjoy your tortoise for vast periods of your life.

4. They’re harmless

Tortoises are far more harmless than cats and dogs. While they may bite your finger if you put it in their mouth, little damage will be done. A tortoise is a very safe pet to have in the home and is great when you have children too.

5. Tortoises are loyal

Tortoises are unlike most pets in that they are happy in the space you give them. With room to wander around, food to eat and occasional trips into the garden to play and eat grass, the tortoise will be happy. Tortoises will not try to run away from you like dogs, hamsters or guinea pigs.

Tortoises are adorable creatures to keep as pets and they are a very practical and affordable animal to have in your home. Unlike many pets, it is easy to keep a tortoise and to keep them happy for a long time. With a tortoise, you will have a friend for years and years to come.

Keeping exotic fish as pets 0 1922

Exotic fish

There’s something mesmerising about watching a tank full of brightly coloured fish swim around. Do they make good pets though? Is it hard to keep exotic fish? With the right pet care and pet advice, exotic fish make great, if unusual pets.

Tank size

Go for the biggest sized tank you can afford and have room for. The bigger your tank, the easier you’ll find keeping the balance of the water right. Your fish need plenty of room to swim too. Aim for at least a 20-gallon tank.

Tank set-up

You’re going to need a heater to warm the water. You’ll also need a filter to ensure clean, healthy water, which is crucial for fish to thrive. It’s advisable to add an air pump to boost the oxygen levels.

You’ll also need a light for the tank, and a timer for the light, so it’s not on all the time. Bear in mind a fish tank should be placed out of direct sunlight, away from draughts and heating sources.

On top of the things that make your tank work you’re going to need everything that goes into your tank; gravel for the bottom, plants, and decorative caves and tunnels so your fish can hide if they want to.

You can usually buy aquarium starter kits at pet food stores if you want help in pulling everything together.

Getting the water right

The filter will cycle your water to make it suitable for fish to live in, never add tap water directly to the tank. You need to de-chlorinate it first. You can also add a water treatment to help keep the water healthy between changes.

You should change about 10-15% of the water each week to keep it clean and healthy for the fish. Never do a full tank change once your fish are in the tank.

Choosing your fish

When you choose your fish, make sure you start introducing them slowly – this will help you identify if you’ve got the water balance right, and at this point, your tanks eco-system is still developing, so adding lots of fish can damage it.

There’s a wide range of tropical fish to choose from – Cichlids, Betta and Swordtails are good starter fish, and are nice to look at. Never mix goldfish and tropical fish together.