Exotic pet hobbyists must be familiar with the Brazilian Black Tarantula since it is fairly easy to take care of and one can easily find them in pet stores online and offline.
In this guide, we will tell you how to buy Brazilian Black Tarantula, how to keep its enclosure at optimum humidity and temperature along with other Brazilian black tarantula care instructions.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Facts
- The scientific name of the Brazilian Black Tarantula is Grammostola Pulchra.
- It is a burrowing tarantula that hails from the grasslands of Uruguay and Brazil.
- They usually hunt at night and, like most tarantulas, prefer living solitary lives.
- The Brazilian Black Tarantula is very docile and it chooses to run rather than fight.
- They belong to the same species as the Chilean Rose Tarantula but their coloring is very different.
- Like all tarantulas, these molt and shed. The molted exoskeleton looks exactly like a tarantula itself but has a break in the carapace where the spider exited.
- The Brazilian Black Tarantula has chemical sensors on its body to tell if something is food or water.
Physical Description of the Brazilian Black Tarantula
The Brazilian black tarantula baby is quite tiny but full grown Brazilian black tarantula male and females tend to reach up to 7 inches or 18 cm wide span. They grow rather slowly and could take up to 8 years to be fully developed. In the first year, they could reach a span of about 4 inches.
They are almost entirely black in color and their wooly, shiny black body is covered with urticating black hairs. Like most tarantula species, they have a bulbous abdomen and their eight eyes are all clustered over the head.
The female Brazilian Black tarantula lives nearly 20 years while males have shorter lifespans of only 3 to 4 years.
These New World tarantulas are found in Uruguay, Brazil, and other grassy parts of South America. They are not too picky about their abodes and tend to make their homes in abandoned logs of wood, caves, and dark areas like dens, etc.
The Brazilian Black tarantula is pricier than the Rose Hair tarantula and the Brazilian Giant Salmon Tarantula. Also, the Brazilian Black tarantula cost is greater for females than males.
If you search for the Brazilian black tarantula for sale, you might see price ranges between $80 and $160. Some exotic pet keepers also charge a minimum value order – $300 or so. This price also includes the shipping, enclosure, and even the food for the first week.
Often, the Brazilian black tarantula cost includes the guarantee of the live arrival of the specimen. That is why shipping can be delayed if the weather is bad. This is strictly for the safety of the tarantula.
Exporting the Grammostola Pulchara from Brazil is often illegal and needs documentation. So, always buy your pet from a reputed tarantula dealer who has the right paperwork.
For the same reason, the Brazilian black tarantula cost can go higher thanks to the legalities involved in the buying process.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Enclosure
You want your Brazilian Black Tarantula enclosure to easily allow your pet a length and width of 8 cm to 12 cm. The height of the enclosure should be at least 1.5 times the distance from the ceiling to the substrate – so, a depth of about 6 cm is good. The taller the enclosure, the more substrate you’d need.
Spiderlings can easily live in small clear-case plastic deli containers. Adults like semi-arid setup and you can use a 10 gallon aquarium to house them.
Maintain a humidity level between 65 to 70% in the chosen enclosure. The Brazilian Black does not like very wet substrate and it will let you know if it is too damp by changing its gait.
Instead of dampening the substrate, you can place a shallow water dish or simply spray water in one corner of the enclosure. You must also maintain the temperature around 25 degrees C (between 65 and 85 F).
The Brazilian loves to bask near the light. While you need not use special lighting, if your enclosure is kept in a dark attic, then you might want to go in for 15 W fluorescent lights nearby.
Please note that no two tarantulas are the same. So, what works for one may or may not work for another. Make sure you meet your Brazilian Black Tarantula’s unique needs and vary them as needed just as nature does.
Feel free to read our article on our recommendations for tarantula enclosures here.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Feeding
Crickets, small mice, mealworms, grasshoppers, and lizards are some of the favorite foods of the Brazilian Black. This tarantula can eat prey twice its size!
When this tarantula feeds, it holds its prey between its front legs, inject some subduing digestive enzymes, and then feed on it.
Spiderlings happily feed on roaches, nymphs, pinhead crickets, once every 1-2 days. Adults will eat about 3-8 crickets and/or roaches per month.
Don’t worry if your pet does not eat too much at times – they are known to go without food for weeks. During molting, they might refuse food for months.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Handling
Compared to many tarantulas, the docile Brazilian Black Tarantula is open to handling. This also makes it a great choice for beginners to tarantula keeping.
However, you should take care to be very gentle with this pet. If you drop the tarantula accidently, it could get grievously injured.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Breeding
Males die early – and finding them is rare. Therefore, breeding this species can be tricky.
If you find a suitable pair, let the male and female tarantula to meet each other. Interested female will allow the male to deposit its sperm in the receptacle under her abdomen by raising her legs. Mating normally takes place in the warmer months between June and September.
Once impregnated, the female will lay around 600 eggs at a time.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Bite
As stated earlier, the Brazilian Black Tarantula prefers to withdraw rather than show aggression when threatened. However, it can send out shooting hairs in the threat’s eyes which can even temporarily blind it.
Humans handling the Brazilian Black Tarantula need not worry about its venom – this is not a poisonous tarantula. However, its bite can feel like a bee’s sting and could cause redness, pain, and swelling.
Brazilian Black Tarantula Molting
Your Brazilian black tarantula pet will molt when the time is right. The process can take anywhere between 15 minutes to several hours – even more depending on its age and health.
While the process is not painful for your pet, it is extremely vulnerable at this stage. So, avoid placing any crickets or prey in the enclosure. Even the slightest impact can hurt or kill your tarantula.
Here is how to tell if your Brazilian black tarantula is molting
- Reduced movement – Your pet will lay still for hours to conserve its energy needed for the molt.
- Limited feeding – Your Brazilian might stop eating for weeks or months. Even after the molting, it might take a few days before feeding again.
- Droplets on the joints – Sometimes, you will be able to see some clear droplets on the joints.
- Hair loss/bald spots – Before beginning molting, tarantulas lose a lot of hair and could develop bald spots.
- Darker and shinier coloring – The Brazilian black tarantula becomes darker or shinier in appearance before molt.
- Upside down – During the process, your spider will lay on its back. This is one way of telling the difference between a molting tarantula and a dead one. If your pet is dying, it will lay on its stomach with its legs curled inwards. But during a molt, it will lay on its back with its legs spread out.
Avoid picking or handling your tarantula for at least a week after it has molted and especially not at all during the molt. Remove the discarded exoskeleton using tweezers. Do not feed your pet for at least 3-5 days after it has molted.
FAQs on Brazilian Black Tarantula
1. Are Brazilian black tarantulas poisonous?
Brazilian black tarantula venom is not something to worry about. It merely causes a bee-like sting but its urticating hairs can lead to pain, swelling, and redness. If the hairs enter the eyes, there can be temporary blindness.
2. How fast do Brazilian black tarantula grow?
The Brazilian black tarantula grows slowly. It takes nearly 6 to 8 years to reach its full size of 7 to 8 inches.
3. How often do these tarantulas molt?
Most Brazilian Black tarantulas molt once every couple of years.
The Brazilian black tarantula is a popular beginner’s tarantula. Its behavior is fascinating to watch and taking care of it is fairly easy.
These tarantulas are docile and tend to flee rather than attack. Their venom is also quite mild and they rarely bite.
We hope this brief guide helps you take care of your Brazilian black with ease.